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tv   Earth Focus  LINKTV  August 8, 2016 7:30am-8:01am PDT

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>> today, on "earth focus," food and social justice, human rights abuses and financial speculation in the food industry. the swedish society for nature conservation and swedish ecologists look at how lives and livelihood are destroyed in bagram-, mexico, -- in bangladesh, mexico, and italy. >> offered in restaurants, sold in stores, tropical proms are a popular choice for foodcross
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the western world today. how did this become affordable? at what cost? naturedish society for conservation travelled to bangladesh to find out who is really paying the price for our new standard of tropical prawns. the region in southwest bangladesh is the country's leading producer of prawns for export. it is at the center of a struggle, pitting thousands of impoverished people who are fighting to conserve the natural resources and livelihood against the might of the prawn indusy. a farmer by profession, like countless others, she lost her family's land to shrimp farming.
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flooded with salt water to aggressive shrimp farmers, families once fertile land lies under a pond. she is not alone. >> [speaking foreign language] >> it is not just the communities where they are cultivated that it is threatened. the rivers of this region flow a placeorest, providing for river dolphins and
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crocodile, and a local resource for the community. most shrimp farms in bangladesh stuff themselve, caught in the rivers using very fine and nets. for every share of cox, an average of 50 juvenile fish will die. this practice is decimating the marine environment. [speaking foreign language] >> embankments are used in this region to protect farmers and communities from storms that regularly hit this coastline. illegally billed through the embankment. it has proven to be catastrophic
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during times of extreme weather. striking bangladesh several years ago. >> [speaking foreign language] >> during the course of the
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investigation our team also uncovered disturbing evidence to suggest that illegal chemicals are being regularly and routinely used in shrimp farms destined for european markets. >> [speaking foreign language] >> the household name of the chical he is referring to is elba,anned in bangladesh, and 18 other countries around the world.
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>> a broad spectrum insecticide that has been around for years. it is a very old calico aimed at killing in sex and preventing them from becoming pests. the effect on the environment is disastrous. it is an iredibly toxic chemical that affects nearly every element. amphibians,to fish, all the way up e food chain. it is banned in a huge number of countries around the world for a reon. it is danrous and damages the environment. but my message for consumers? do not do it. thet is not just unregulated use that consers should be worried about. in 2010 they uncovered evidence
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of shrimp destined for factories that supply the european union. traders demonstrate hush them from this region are secretly injected with dirty water before they are sold on to the factories. some aid agencies have often aremed that exports necessary for development in bangladesh. movementator in the for landless people are affected by commercial from agriculture. people who are living in areas where shrimp is being cultivated have been completely deprived of their livelihoods, the livestock. system that is not
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sustnable. in the that people northern countries can have something cheap? investigation found that those who go up against the shrimp industry are met with violence and far -- and false charges, with a local government that supports the shrimp farmers. >> [speaking foreign language] >> allegations of seal harassment towards women in
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rural communities, like those employed by the shrimp industry, are also commonplace. she is one of the few who has spoken out against the employers that raped her in 2008. languagking foreign >> our research into bangladesh shows that the bangladeshi shrimp industry is a brutal part of the ecological destruction and human rights abuses for the last two decades. thousands of people hurt by extreme poverty, potentially undermining the health in
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humans. but it does not have to be like this. where a few areas management could get r of shrimp farms. the difference is striking. language]g [foreign >> the message from the community protected by shrimp farming is clear. >> [speaking foreign language]
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♪ >> the cost of food across the world was on the rise and many have blamed the price hikes. food speculation for the global finance market. ecologists travel to mexico, the birthplace -- birthplace of corn, to find out more about these effects that were being felt across mexican society. in the mountains in southern mexico, coffee production fuelled the economy. these rural communities and not self-sufficient on food, making them vulnerable to sudden crises.
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>> [speaking foreign language] >> lorenzo and his wife look after their grandchildren during the day, while the rest of their family worked in the fields. >> [speaking foreign language]
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>> food price volatility on this scale has been linked directly to speculation. >> speculation is the way that large banks can conceptually bet on the pricef food and happens throh what is known as futures markets, set up to help buyer manage the risk of prices changing over time. instead will we are seeing now is people coming in with no connection with the food supply whatsoever. >> this speculation is growing stronger and stronger. think about 20% of theotal is in the area of investor financials, financial investors, who are just making not need, that they do
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the grain for any other purpose. prices riseave seen in recent months. he kind of waited. states is the principal of production, of course. , half of theosts children we expected went down. the u.s. ands from south africa. >> in a fistfight mexico, when there is a low harvest and there , we see our poor
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harvests from mexico with the board relied on by food from abroad. this hits them hardest. >> for mexicans this means higher prices. >> something nice in the culture. [speaking foreign language]
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>> hunter is not the real problem here. it has massive impact. we've found that where food prices have risen, families ha less fruit and berry and have far less healthy diets. taking out loans just to be able to afford food, cutting back on expenditures like health care and education, all of which has a much longer-term impact.
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>> the impact of higher prices is felt throughout the expenditures of mexico and in terms of lower demand for other things. the mexican economy is the real concern because we do not see demand growing fast enough and we could be next. >> food speculation is rampant because of deregulation of these markets. it was seen as big investments, banks moving into commodity markets, with $100 billion pouring into these markets. markets were overwhelmed, that is why it has become such a problem. >> the mexican government itself has begun to speculate on the market in an effort to counter the volatility. but many believe the only answer
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is regulation. >> they are looking at some kind of regulation or action. it will diminish volatility in the future. i am not really worried about the large money coming in. >> we are looking for a limit to the maets that these traders can hold. much more than the oer traders who rely on it day in and out. new rules for you, living involvement, allowing our prices to be more fair, stable, and transparent. ♪ >> southern italy. this is the center of the italian orange grove industry.
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thousands of tons of fruit are cultivated from the surrounding countryside and brought here. sale then shipped off for as fruit or deep fruit, used in drink and manufacturing. its the ecologists escalatn that reveals a hidden side. >> [speaking foreign language] >> citrus fruit cultivation is vital the economy of the
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region, but rivalries abroad and a price crash have taken their toll. >> [speaking foreign language] >> each winter, thousands of migrants worked, hardly
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scratching a living harvesting oranges. are are from africa, some from eastern europe, many are in the country illegally. can be 25 euros for four days. but it can be much less. many migrants living in appalling squalor in rundown farm houses or makeshift salon is on the edge of town. -- slums on the edge of town. the ecologists had to go in after dark after being told that they were not welcome. >> i can see 200 people.
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>> there is no running water, electricity, or anything? >> no. when you see the conditions, it is not right. >> mainstream hospitals often refu to treat migrants. >> [speaking foreign language]
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>> some migrants are in temporary refugee camps. daniel's story is typical for many migrants arriving from africa. >> [speaking foreign language] some rocks? what happened? a lot of people? >> three people died. >> three people died? >> in 2010, they rolled over after two migrants were killed. many migrants will bust of town will that refresh your own safety. beenocal authorities have trying to tackle the problem ever since. -- [speakingus
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foreign language] >> is due to be opened by the authorities shortly after our visit, workers continued to rise each year. quick to hire. today many want to return home but are trapped with no money, no documents, and no means of escape.
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there is growing anger and resentment. >> i am not criminal. i amorking. we do not have no one to help. appetites. silence, poor vision. no future. ♪
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